Me at Borobudur

Borobudur Temple Travel Guide: Plan Your Visit

In Indonesia, Places of Worship & Ruins by Sheena3 Comments

Forget the Borobudur tours & guides – read about the facts of the world’s largest Buddhist temple, find out the entrance fee & how get to Borobudur by bus from Yogyakarta.

Borobudur History

Before we get into the logistics, let’s take a look at a few facts & history behind the Borobudur temple compounds:

  • When was it built?
  • Who built it?
  • Why was it built?

There are no written records to answer these questions for certain but evidence suggests that construction of Borobudur, Indonesia began in the 8th century, lasting around 75 years.

This was the era of the Sailendra Dynasty, a maritime empire that not only ruled the seas of Southeast Asia but also pursued agricultural farming in Central Java.

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Borobudur Facts 7 Platforms
The first approach, post-sunrise, with ugly construction material on a DIY Borobudur Tour

Is Borobudur a Hindu Temple?

The Sailendra are said to have been followers of the Mahayana strain of Buddhism, but they may also have been Hindus. In fact, there were many royal marriages between Hindu & Buddhist nobles at the time, too.

The Sailendra are believed to be responsible for the religious monuments found across all of Central Java, including Buddhist Borobudur & the nearby Hindu Prambanan – it’s also easy to get to Prambanan by bus from Yogyakarta.

Visit Prambanan Without a Tour

Find out the Prambanan entrance fee & how to get to there by local bus for 25 cents!

Read more

How to get to Borobudur
Full-headed & half-headed buddha statues

Alongside its Buddhist core, the monument features many Hindu elements, particularly in the carvings & reliefs featuring Hindu gods.

In fact, the world’s largest Buddhist temple was even built on Hindu foundations. Three stone terraces were already on the site when the Sailendra’s laid eyes on it – he simply decided to build Borobudur over it.

Borobudur entrance fee Buddhist Hindu
Many Buddhist & Hindu elements can be seen in the art & design

Abandonment of Borobudur

The centuries that followed saw a shift of power to the East of the country & the arrival of Islam on Java Island, so that by the 16th century, Borobudur had been mysteriously abandoned.

Again, there’s no written evidence however it is likely that the locals were either driven away by a large volcanic eruption and/or when there were mass conversions to Islam.

In any case, Borobudur laid hidden under layers of volcanic ash & jungle growth for centuries, until it’s discovery by General Thomas Stamford Raffles in 1814!

Borobudur Tour
It’s easy to see how Borobudur could have remained hidden for so long amongst these tall trees

Recovery of Borobudur

After the Anglo-Dutch Java war in 1811, Java was controlled by the British.

The British governor at the time was Thomas Stamford Raffles (founder of modern-day Singapore), who was particularly interested in the history of Java.

He was informed about a massive, secret monument deep in the jungles near Yogyakarta but unable to attend himself, Raffles sent a Dutch engineer to explore the site.

It took two months to clear the jungle – Borobudur was rediscovered. Excavation continued until 1885 before the entire complex was revealed.

Borobudur facts
Not a great shot but it shows how huge it is

Design of Borobudur

To start planning your own trip, you should know that it consists of nine raised platforms topped by a central dome.

The square base is 118m in length on each side & the highest point is 35m tall. The first six levels are square platforms, connected by staircases.

Each level features carved bas-relief panels & sculptures depicting the life story of the Buddha, his teachings & path towards enlightenment.

Borobudur entrance fee
Bell-shaped stupas on the upper platforms

All together, there are 2,760 reliefs recounting the four key stories:

  • The law of karma
  • The birth of Buddha
  • The stories of Buddha’s previous life
  • The journeys of Sudhana search for the Ultimate Truth
Borobudur Facts Tour
One of many stone relief carvings, recounting the life of the Buddha

The reliefs depict scenes of daily life in ancient Java, from courtly palace traditions to the villagers going to the marketplace.

The nobility & common folk are both depicted: kings, queens & soldiers alongside servants, priests & hermits.

Of course, Buddhist gods & imagery also feature prominently.

Bodobudur Tour Buddhist Imagery
There’s gotta be some Buddhism images in here… brush up on your Borobudur facts!

The final three levels are open circular terraces, without reliefs. Instead, they feature 72 lattice-work stupas, domes housing half-hidden & half-headed Buddha statues.

These amazing structures make the price of visiting Borobudur worth it.

Borobudur Tour Buddha Statues
These domes house half-hidden & half-headed Buddha statues

Of the original 504 Buddha statues that featured across all the platforms, over 300 are damaged & 43 are missing.

The Buddha statues in the niches on the circular terraces are arranged in rows, with the number of statues decreasing with each higher level.

Cross-legged Buddha statues seated in the lotus position appear on the square platforms & the top level.

They are almost identical, except for the position of their hands, which represent the 5 cardinal compass points according to Mahayana Buddhism.

Borobudur entrance fee
See cross-legged Buddhas in Lotus positions

Borobudur Tours 

Along Jalan Sastrowijayan in Yogyakarta, many vendors offer tours to Borobudur & Prambanan, top of the list of things to do in Yogyakarta.

We took a “tour” from an agency associated with our accommodation, Hotel Dewa, which was actually just private transportation to Borobudur & Prambanan. This cost 100,000 IDR / $7.50 each.

The entrance fee to visit both Borobudur & Prambanan is now 520,000 IDR / $38.15 (May 2017).

Check hostel prices in Yogyakarta now

How to get to Borobudur
View of the landscape from the upper levels


  • Able to visit both Borobudur & Prambanan on the same day, which would be difficult (but not impossible) to do using public transport


  • Lack of time at Borobudur… we arrived just before gates opened at 6am & had to leave at 8am. 2 hours was just enough time to explore the temple but not enough to take our time, visit the museum, climb a nearby hill for views or explore the grounds (which included a zoo….)
  • Not maximising the value of the high Borobudur ticket price
  • More expensive than going by public transport

Final Verdict

A tour lets you visit Borobudur & Prambanan in 1 day – there’s enough time for Prambanan but not Borobudur & it’s more expensive than going by bus

Tour option: Borobudur Sunrise Trip

Check Borobudur tours now

Borobudur Entrance Fee
Be at the front of the gate when Borobudur opens at 6am

Sunrise & Sunset at Borobudur

You can view sunrise & sunset at Borobudur outside opening hours, for an additional fee.

We visited just after sunrise, when the gates opened at 6am. It wasn’t all that spectacular, as the sun rises in the East.

Borobudur Tour
You can still catch post-sunrise rays when the gates open at 6am

If you’re willing to pay extra, we would recommend staying for Sunset over Sunrise – we’ve seen far more impressive photos of sunset at Borobudur than what we saw at sunrise.

Arriving right at the beginning or staying until the very end of the day will give you the best experience, without the tour groups & far fewer crowds.

In the morning, tour buses start arriving at 8am.

And in case you were wondering, we often get asked what camera we use. All the photos in this post were taken on a Nikon D3300 DSLR.

Borobudur Sunrise
You can also view sunrise before the gates open, for an additional fee

You can visit both Borobudur & Prambanan in 1 day with a tour – & even by yourself using public transport. We will tell you exactly how to reach Borobudur later in the post…

But there are enough things to do at Borobudur for a full day trip:

  • Borobudur monument
  • Borobudur museum
  • Climb a hill in the park for views
  • Explore the extensive grounds
  • Spend time with the animals at the zoo
  • Visit the nearby candi’s & temples

Annoyances: many Indonesian students will want to practice English with you. Also, it’ll take at least 30 mins to exit through the never-ending maze of markets. That’s a Borobudur fact!

And always be aware of pickpockets. We recommend wearing a money belt with RFID blocking & traveling with an anti-theft daypack.

Zoo at Borobudur
Yes there’s even a zoo!
Candi Mendut near Borobudur
Visit Candi Mendut, 3kms from Borobudur

How to Get to Borobudur

We took a tour because we researched the bus times & prices incorrectly. Here’s the accurate information you need to know:

Yogyakarta to Borobudur

  • Buses to Borobudur leave from Yogyakarta’s Terminal Jombor bus
  • The ride takes 60-90 minutes
  • Local bus tickets cost 3,600 IDR / $0.25. The Yogyakarta bus could cost more, we’re not sure

Borobudur to Prambanan

  • Take a bus from Borobudur back to Yogyakarta’s Terminal Jombor.
  • It will 3 bus changes to get from Yogyakarta to Prambanan
  • Route 2B from Terminal Jombor to Terminal Condong
  • Route 3B from Terminal Condong to Maguwo (Jalan Solo)
  • Route 1A/B from Maguwo to Prambanan
  • Local bus tickets cost 3,600 IDR / $0.25.
Borobudur Tour
Please ask us if you have any more questions on how to get to Borobudur!

Know Before You Go

Borobudur & Prambanan Combined Entrance Fee: 420,000 IDR or US$30.00

Borobudur & Prambanan Tour/Private transport: 100,000 IDR / $7.50

Local bus ticket: 3,600 IDR / $0.25

The Final Word: Set aside a whole day for Borobudur. Go during the very start or end of the day for fewer crowds

Visiting Borobodur Temple is one of the best things to do in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Check out our post and find out everything you need to know about entrance fees, tours and how to get to Borobodur #indonesia #yogyakarta #borobodur
Visiting Borobodur Temple is one of the best things to do in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Check out our post and find out everything you need to know about entrance fees, tours and how to get to Borobodur #indonesia #yogyakarta #borobodur

Disclaimer: This post contains affiliate links, which means that we receive a small commission if you click on a link & purchase something that we have recommended, at no extra cost to you.

Visited in October 2015


  1. It must have been very enlightening to visit a Buddhist and Hindu site. Very interesting history.

  2. This info is out dated. Ithe takes two buses to get to Borobudur, unless you are staying in the city the bus from Jombur terminal is 25,000IDR this is the bus only bus that goes all the way to Borobudur and the local bus to get to Jombur is 3,500IDR.

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