Forget Viazul buses & colectivo taxis – jump aboard camiones & discover the cheapest way to travel around Cuba.
Camiones are massive dump trucks that transport passengers within & between provinces in Cuba.
The Cuban transport system is designed so that Omnibus Nacional buses travel primarily between the cities, leaving camiones to support the villages & town in between.
This is why traveling by camiones often takes 2 or 3 times longer than buses or colectivo taxis.
They’re not for the faint-hearted so before you decide to travel around Cuba on a truck, find out what it’s like & if you’re really made for this kind of extreme shoestring DIY travel!
Prices of Camiones
Camiones are the easily the cheapest way to travel long-distance in the country, but also the slowest.
For example, traveling from Santiago de Cuba to Guantanamo by camion costs 25 pesos & takes 2.5 hours – the same journey on Viazul costs CUC$6 & takes 1.5 hours. The distance between the 2 cities is 77kms.
In general, camions cost around 5-10 pesos (CUC$0.20-40) an hour, compared to CUC$5-8 an hour for Viazul.
Where do Camiones Depart from?
Every city in Cuba has a provincial & municipal bus stop but there are far fewer designated sites for camions.
This is a major problem as it’s hard to work out where they depart from.
Most middle-class casa particulares owners don’t know because they don’t travel by camiones.
Asking locals is difficult with limited Spanish, especially when a lot of directions are involved & many streets have no names. It’s also hard to know who to trust, when Cubans usually give you mixed answers.
So we usually figured it out ourselves, using Maps.me (an offline app with downloadable maps).
We would find the main road heading out of the city, in the direction of our destination. Then we would walk a few kms to or along this road, where a camion heading to our destination would have to pass by.
This proved to be a fool-proof method, although walking with our big backpacks on was sometimes rough. You can also ask a tuk-tuk to take you there but that would eat into the savings you’re making in by travelling by camiones in the first place…
Somewhere along the road, there’s usually a group of people also waiting for a ride so confirm your destination & join the waiting game.
Camiones Operate on Limited Schedules
Just as it’s difficult to find out where camiones depart from, it’s also hard to know what time they leave.
As there are usually no official stations for trucks, you need to ask around for times – and keep asking. Many people will act like they know but they don’t. As many camiones only leave once a day, it’s important that you find out the right times, so you don’t miss it.
You can only be confident if 3 or more people have given you roughly the same information!
Camiones are Uncomfortable
Traveling by camiones is hot, crowded & uncomfortable.
They’re usually packed to the brim with people, but they’ll continue to stop & let more in. When someone wants to get off, they will bang on the truck until it stops.
If you get a seat, you’ll have metal bars in your back or no support at all. If you’re standing, your arms will ache terribly from holding on to the bars above you.
Sometimes there’s room for storage at the back of the truck but it’ll be hard for you to get there if you’re jumping on to a full camion. Usually, you’ll just have your bags in front of you on the ground.
Camiones Require Multiple Connections
It takes multiple connections to get from one city to another. For example, traveling from Ciego de Avila to Bayamo took 3 camiones (+ 1 bus) – it took all day & we almost missed the Saturday night street party we were traveling for.
We assumed this would be an easy journey as they were both provincial capitals but we quickly learnt to never assume anything in Cuba, especially with camion travel.
We also never plans on transportation days as it would often take us all day just to get to our destination.
You may be able to make the first connection but there’s no guarantee of anything after that, especially as most camiones leave in the morning. What’s more, you won’t be allowed on most of the passing Cuban-only national buses, though we did get lucky a few times.
And at each stop, we had the same issues – Finding out where the next camion departs from… of course it would usually be on the other side of town.
Then we would have to walk kms there & wait indefinitely.
At the time traveling by camiones was extremely painful but in hindsight we were quite lucky to have always made it to our destination each time, or at least to a big city. We never ended up in a small town that wouldn’t have had any accommodation.
Long Waiting Times for Camiones
If you decide to travel by camiones, you’ll feel like you’ve spent all your time in Cuba just waiting. And waiting. And waiting.
You’ll be waiting for camiones to arrive or depart, multiple times a day, on various stretches of roads.
The worst feeling is sometimes not knowing what you’re waiting for.
Or waiting for nothing – in Bayamo, we waited for a camion to Santiago de Cuba for 2 hours. We were assured by several people that it was coming at 5pm. Then the hour passed & we were told that the truck wasn’t coming after all.
Amarillos & Camiones
Amarillos, literally meaning yellow, are government employed, roadside traffic organisers, named after their yellow-mustard uniform.
They stop passing trucks, buses & government cars who are required by law to pick up passengers going in their direction – passengers pay them a small fee, like a colectivo taxi, & give the Amarillo a small tip. For many Cubans, this system of hitchhiking is their main form of transport.
Rides cost 5-20 pesos depending on the distance.
When you’re walking on the side of the road looking for a camion stop, look out for Amarillos. Let them know where you’re going. You can take a seat on the side of the road & let them do most of the work, but you should also pay attention to all passing transport that may be going to your destination.
For camiones & buses, you don’t need to tip the Amarillo, but it can be a nice gesture. As government workers, Amarillos make a very small salary, sometimes the driver will give them some money too.
The Verdict: Should you Travel by Camiones?
We saved hundreds of dollars by travelling solely on camiones, with the occasional colectivo shared taxi – but was it worth it? We’re not sure…
For the reasons listed above, we can only recommend it for experienced, hardcore shoestring DIY travellers would really want or need to save money.
It will take up a lot of your time & it’s very draining process to go through every 2 or 3 days.
The process wouldn’t have been as stressful if we weren’t short on time – but with so many interesting places to visit & only a 30 day visa in hand, traveling by camiones always felt like a very long, tedious, uncomfortable & draining method of transport.
If you’re only in Cuba on a short vacation, no matter what your budget is, definitely don’t do it – find out what your other options are in our post Transport in Cuba: 7 Ways to Get Around.
If we had to do Cuba all over again, we’re not even sure we would travel by camiones…. but seeing as it’s some 15 times cheaper than Viazul buses, we probably wouldn’t be able to resist it!
No pain, no gain!
*** The Final Word – Traveling by camiones is only for experienced, hardcore DIY shoestring travellers! ***
Do you think you have what it takes to travel around Cuba by camiones?!
Accessible DIY travel to more distant locations via multiple connections or longer forms of public transport
Traveled in May-June 2016